Unnat Bharat Abhiyan
- Started by President Pranav Mukharjee at 11 Nov. 2014
- Every IIT select 10 villages for its development
- IIT Delhi will take care of this programme.
Prdhanmantri Jan-Dhan Yojna
- Started by PM Narendra Modi at 28 Aug. 2014
- Slogan:- Mera Khata Bhgya Vidhata.
- Central Finance Ministry is taking care of this programme.
- 5.29 cr bank is opened under htis prog. and 1.78 cr. Debit cared is issued
- 7.5 cr bank account is to be opened till 26jan 2015
- In Rural area- 3.12 cr and Urban:- 2.17cr
- Two Phase programme:-
- I st Phase
- Duration:- 15.08.2014 – 14.08.2015
- Rs. 5000 over draft
- 1 lakh accidental insurance.
- Rs. 30000 Life Insurance cover
- Debit card
- II nd phase
- Cover of Rs 5000 overdraft with credit card fund to reduce the loss of Banks
- To unit farmers under “Swawlamban pension scheme”
- To connect Hilly area’s schedule tribes and schedule caste with bank accounts.
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna
- First announced:- 15 Aug 2014, Implemented:- 11oct 2014
- Role model:- Mahatma Gandhi.
- 8 facts:-
- Social- development
- Basic facility
- Social care
- Every “Sansad” will take the responsibility to develop one village till 2016
Krishi Dak Prasar Seva Yojna
- Objective:- Delivering of quality seeds to the specific villages by Post.
- It will started in 100 districts of 14 states.
- Firstly it is already started in
- Sitapur:- U.P
- Buxar:- Bihar
- Shivpur:- M.P
- Sirohi:- Rajasthan.
- J & K
National Food- Security Bill
- Started at 20 Aug 2013 in Delhi, Haryana & Uttarakhand
- Aim:- “Food For Everyone”
- State Government will look after this program.
- 75% of rural population & 50% of urban population shall be given 5kg/person/month cereals.
- Popped(अच्छादित ) family will get 35kg/month/family of cerals
- Wheat:- Rs 2/kg
- Rice:- Rs 3/kg
- Cereals(Millet) :- Rs 1/kg
- Cost will be corrected in every 3 years.
- Pregnant and breast feeding women will get Rs 6000 & cooked food till 6 month after delivery.
- Children from 6months to 6 years will get free cooked food by “Anganbadi Kendra”.
- 6-14 years child will get afternoon meal at their school.
- For this programme 612.2 lakh tonne of cereals 1,24,747 cr. of subsidy is needed.
Importance of Agriculture
- Contribution to G.D.P:- 13.9%
- 48.9% of people are in Agriculture or In Agri-related works.
- 59.89% of total industries are in rural areas with 51.9% of people are in rural areas.
- In export agriculture materials contributes 11.9% & in import 3.2%
- 15.3% of Industries are of Agriculture.
Characteristics of Indian Agriculture
- 45% of total agricultrue land are irrigated
- Sugarcane has highly irrigated crop (93.7%)
- U.P has highest area of irrigated land.
- Punjab has highest percentage of irrigated land.
- Highest Non-irrigated land:- Mizoram
- Sources uses for irrigation:- Tube well (57%) >Canals (32%) >Others(6%)
- 64.18% of land is associated with production of cereal crops (126.2 million hactare)
- Average ploughed land in India:- 1.16 hac
- Hide & Climatic unemployment are found in India.
- Contribution of different banks in Agriculture:
- Commercial Bank;- 73.89%
- Government Bank:- 16.88%
- Gramin Bank:- 9.46%
- States under loan:- A.P>Tamilnadu
- First 5-year plan started:- 1st April 1951
- Current is 12th 5-year plan development targeted Agriculture and related to Agriculture sector to 4%
- Current development rate is 1.4%.
- Cereal production:- 264.77 million ton.
- Highest agriculture development rate states:- Gujrat>Bihar
- Special agriculture production programme started:- 2004-2005
- Agriculture sector contribution in total export:- 13.8%
- Highest exported:- Cereals(3.2%)
- APEDA has developed “Grapnet” named software for the knowledge of pesticides, its uses & quality of grapes.
- There are 46 Agriculture export authorities in India.
- Contribution of Agriculture in import:- 3.4%
- Highest imported sector in Agriculture:- Edible oil>Pulses
- Contribution of Ranching(पशुपालन) in Agriculture:- 26%
Contribution of Agriculture related sector
- Contribution of Dairy sector is 66.5% in Renching.
- In India vision-2020, contribution of agriculture sector in G.D.P is targeted as-6%
- Need of cereals:- 220 millioin ton
- Cropping intensity of India:- 140%
- India is 3rd on fertilizer production(9.5%) and 2nd in using it.
- India is fully dependent on import of Potash fertilizers from:- Jordan, Tunesia etc.
- Standard NPK of cereals:-4:2:1 and for pulses:- 1:2:1
- CCEA has cut off the subsidy about 15% in (P&K) fertilizers.
- Current NPK ratio used:- 8.2 : 3.2 : 1
- Using of Fertilizers:- 128 kg/ha(average)
- Highest fertilizers using states:- Punjab>A.P
- Least fertilizers using states:- Nagaland>Assam
- Govement give 50% of subsidy in Phosphatic & Potash fertilizers.
- Percentages of Nitrogen
- Urea:- 46%
- Ammonium Sulphate:- 20.5%
- DNP:- 18% & P is 46%
- K in murrate of potash:- 60%
- NPK in vermi-compost:- 1.2-1.65%, 1.8-2.0%, 0.5-0.75%
- In correction of saline & alkaline soil gypsum & Pyrite are used
- Sulphur in gypsum:- 18.6% and Calcium is :- 29.2%
- Year 2014 is celebrated as “Farmers Producer Unity”