Agriculture Current Affairs-I (2014-15)

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan
  • Started by President Pranav Mukharjee at 11 Nov. 2014
  • Every IIT select 10 villages for its development
  • IIT Delhi will take care of this programme.

Prdhanmantri Jan-Dhan Yojna

  • Started by PM Narendra Modi at 28 Aug. 2014
  • Slogan:-  Mera Khata Bhgya Vidhata.
  • Central Finance Ministry is taking care of this programme.
  • 5.29 cr bank is opened under htis prog. and 1.78 cr. Debit cared is issued
  • 7.5 cr bank account is to be opened till 26jan 2015
  • In Rural area- 3.12 cr and Urban:- 2.17cr
  • Two Phase programme:-
    • I st Phase
      • Duration:- 15.08.2014 – 14.08.2015
      • Rs. 5000 over draft
      • 1 lakh accidental insurance.
      • Rs. 30000 Life Insurance cover
      • Debit card
    • II nd phase
      • Cover of Rs 5000 overdraft with credit card fund to reduce the loss of Banks
      • To unit farmers under “Swawlamban pension scheme”
      • To connect Hilly area’s schedule tribes and schedule caste with bank accounts.

Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna

  • First announced:- 15 Aug 2014, Implemented:- 11oct 2014
  • Role model:- Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 8 facts:-
    • Self-development
    • human-development
    • Social- development
    • Financial-development
    • Environmental-development
    • Basic facility
    • Social care
    • Good-Governance.
  • Every “Sansad” will take the responsibility to develop one village till 2016

Krishi Dak Prasar Seva Yojna

  • Objective:- Delivering of quality seeds to the specific villages by Post.
  • It will started in 100 districts of 14 states.
  • Firstly it is already started in
    • Sitapur:- U.P
    • Buxar:- Bihar
    • Shivpur:- M.P
    • Sirohi:- Rajasthan.
    • J & K

National Food- Security Bill

  • Started at 20 Aug 2013 in Delhi, Haryana & Uttarakhand
  • Aim:- “Food For Everyone”
  • State Government will look after this program.
  • Objectives:-
    • 75% of rural population & 50% of urban population shall be given 5kg/person/month cereals.
    • Popped(अच्छादित ) family will get 35kg/month/family of cerals
    • Costs
      • Wheat:- Rs 2/kg
      • Rice:- Rs 3/kg
      • Cereals(Millet) :- Rs 1/kg
    • Cost will be corrected in every 3 years.
  • Pregnant and breast feeding women will get Rs 6000 & cooked food till 6 month after delivery.
  • Children from 6months to 6 years will get free cooked food by “Anganbadi Kendra”.
  • 6-14 years child will get afternoon meal at their school.
  • For this programme 612.2 lakh tonne of cereals 1,24,747 cr. of subsidy is needed.

 Importance of Agriculture

  • Contribution to G.D.P:- 13.9%
  • 48.9% of people are in Agriculture or In Agri-related works.
  • 59.89% of total industries are in rural areas with 51.9% of people are in rural areas.
  • In export agriculture materials contributes 11.9% & in import 3.2%
  • 15.3% of Industries are of Agriculture.

Characteristics of Indian Agriculture

  • 45% of total agricultrue land are irrigated
  • Sugarcane has highly irrigated crop (93.7%)
  • U.P has highest area of irrigated land.
  • Punjab has highest percentage of irrigated land.
  • Highest Non-irrigated land:- Mizoram
  • Sources uses for irrigation:- Tube well (57%) >Canals (32%) >Others(6%)
  • 64.18% of land is associated with production of cereal crops (126.2 million hactare)
  • Average ploughed land in India:- 1.16 hac
  • Hide & Climatic unemployment are found in India.
  • Contribution of different banks in Agriculture:
    • Commercial Bank;- 73.89%
    • Government Bank:- 16.88%
    • Gramin Bank:- 9.46%
  • States under loan:- A.P>Tamilnadu

Agriculture Development

  • First 5-year plan started:- 1st April 1951
  • Current is 12th 5-year plan development targeted Agriculture and related to Agriculture sector to 4%
  • Current development rate is 1.4%.
  • Cereal production:- 264.77 million ton.
  • Highest agriculture development rate states:- Gujrat>Bihar

Agriculture Trade

Agriculture Export

  • Special agriculture production programme started:- 2004-2005
  • Agriculture sector contribution in total export:- 13.8%
  • Highest exported:- Cereals(3.2%)
  • APEDA has developed “Grapnet” named software for the knowledge of pesticides, its uses & quality of grapes.
  • There are 46 Agriculture export authorities in India.

Agriculture Import

  • Contribution of Agriculture in import:- 3.4%
  • Highest imported sector in Agriculture:- Edible oil>Pulses
  • Contribution of Ranching(पशुपालन) in Agriculture:- 26%

Contribution of Agriculture related sector

  • Contribution of Dairy sector is 66.5% in Renching.
  • In India vision-2020, contribution of agriculture sector in G.D.P is targeted as-6%

Agriculture Production

  • Need of cereals:- 220 millioin ton
  • Cropping intensity of India:- 140%

Fertilizers

  • India is 3rd on fertilizer production(9.5%) and 2nd in using it.
  • India is fully dependent on import of Potash fertilizers from:- Jordan, Tunesia etc.
  • Standard NPK of cereals:-4:2:1 and for pulses:- 1:2:1
  • CCEA has cut off the subsidy about 15% in (P&K) fertilizers.
  • Current NPK ratio used:- 8.2 : 3.2 : 1
  • Using of Fertilizers:- 128 kg/ha(average)
  • Highest fertilizers using states:- Punjab>A.P
  • Least fertilizers using states:- Nagaland>Assam
  • Govement give 50% of subsidy in Phosphatic & Potash fertilizers.
  • Percentages of Nitrogen
    • Urea:- 46%
    • Ammonium Sulphate:- 20.5%
    • DNP:- 18% & P is 46%
  • K in murrate of potash:- 60%
  • NPK in vermi-compost:- 1.2-1.65%, 1.8-2.0%, 0.5-0.75%
  • In correction of saline & alkaline soil gypsum & Pyrite are used
  • Sulphur in gypsum:- 18.6% and Calcium is :- 29.2%
  • Year 2014 is celebrated as “Farmers Producer Unity”

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  • venkatesh

    good material

  • akash kamble

    Thank you very much sir and please you keep going with more information.

  • Thank u so much

  • Ritesh

    Very important …. thank you sir

  • prashant singh

    sir bhetnari ke notes nahi dalenge kya?

  • thanxxx

  • suresh Ghuge

    if possible please provide pdf

  • thank sir

  • Thank u SIr for ur help for AFO aspirants…… pls provide knowledge about Agriculture enggineering… As exam is on 15 feb

  • Manju

    Thank you very much Sir

  • hema radhakrishnan

    pls provide previous 2 years AFO quantitative aptitude and reasoning questions with answers

  • nethra

    Thank u very much sir

  • Please upload current Agri stast. For exam as earlybas possible …..just 8 days to go

  • sarath

    2014 – INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF FAMILY FARMING ( DECLARED BY UNO).

    JAN DHAN YOJANA: 1 LAKH ACCIDENT INSURANCE WILL BE GIVEN BY HDFC ERGO AND 30000 rs LIFE INSURANCE WILL BE GIVEN BY LIC.

  • sarath

    thanks for the information sir. Its very useful apart from a few mistakes rest are very useful.and try to provide more current affairs sir regarding awards and recently released varieties sir.

    2015-16- WATER CONSERVATION YEAR

    MAHARASHTRA,PUNJAB,ANDHRA PRADESH AND DELHI ARE THE ONLY STATES TO HAVE FIELD TRAILS IN GM CROPS.

  • brijesh

    It’s cool

  • sal

    Sir please suggest some important books for SCO examination.
    Thank you

  • PURNIMA PASWAN

    Please suggest book for agriculture officer

  • rihan ansari

    agriculture field officer exam ke leyai kuch best gk bhego sir

  • hema ram kuddi

    Plz share new updated agri data more

  • thank’s sir ji

  • SBI

    Sir try to give current issues of 2015 regarding agriculture because 1 month is remained for AFO 2016 Exam

  • Gaurav kumer

    Sir plz tell how many candidate applied in last exam

  • Naveen Kumar naik

    Super

  • rohit

    great job…
    thanks

  • Sir plz give us current issues about agriculture n latest data bcoz AFO 2016 exam will held soon on 14 feb 2016

  • vipin

    Good

  • Jiya

    Pls post current affair for this year

  • Mude Ramesh Naik

    Thank u for nice information regarding agriculture

  • Sarvade Somanath Sitaram

    THANKS

  • Himanshu

    any latest schemes please discuss

  • Sandeep Mandale

    Thanks a lot of for the Valuable Information

  • Ketaki ashok jadhav

    thankx

  • r pandu

    thank u for providing this valuable information