Banana,Papaya,Guava & Citrus fruits

BANANA

  • Scientific Name:- Musa paradisiacal
  • Family:- Musaceace
  • Origin Place:- South Eastern Asia
  • India holds 1st position in Banana production in world followed by Brazil and China
  • Banana contains 27% carbohydrate alongwith Vitamin A,B,C.
  • In India, Tamilnadu holds 1st rank in banana production followed by Maharashtra & Gujarat [2011-12]
  • Most of the varieties of banana are triploid.
  • In Northern India, banana is sowed in Rainy season while in Malabar it is sowed in September-October.
  • Vegetative Parthenocarpy is present in banana.
  • Main Varieties:- Puwan, Barsai, Nendran, White Belchi, Harichaal.
  • Sigatoka is a dangerous disease in banana.
  • Moko is a bacterial disease in banana.
  • Narendra variety of banana is best suitable for making chips.
  • In banana, Panama Mlani disease is spread by fungus.
  • Puwan variety is resistant to this disease.
  • India produces 10Tonnes/hectare of banana.
  • Ethrel is used for artificial ripening of banana. Ethylin gas is produced from Ethrel.
  • Banana is stored for 3 weeks at 13° C temperature and 85-95% humidity.
  • The suitable temperature for ripening of banana is 20° C.

PAPAYA

  • Scientific Name:- Cerica papaya
  • Family:- Caricaceae
  • Origin Place:- America
  • India holds 1st position in papaya production followed by Brazil & Nigeria.[2010]
  • In India, Andhra Pradesh tops in papaya production followed by Gujarat & Karnataka.
  • Main Varieties:- Pusa Nanha, Washington, Pusa Majesty, Honeydew, Pusa Joint
  • Pupen is dried milk of papaya.
  • Coimbatore 1 & 2 are famous varieties for Pupen production.
  • For successful farming of these varieties, atleast 10% of plants should be made.

Citrus Fruits

  • Following fruits come under the comes under the category of citrus fruits:-

Mandarin, Sweet Orange, Pummelo, Grape Fruit, Lemon, Lime, Sour Orange, Citron, Sweet Lime.

  • Family:- Rootaceae
  • Origin Place:- Southern Asia
  • India holds 3rd position in citrus fruits production.
  • Orange accounts for 50% of all citrus fruits production.
  • In India, Andhra Pradesh tops in citrus fruits production followed by Maharashtra and Punjab.
  • Vitamin C is found in adequate amount in citrus fruits.
  • Main disease in citrus fruits are “Citrus Canker”.
  • In Nagpur, Oranges are cultivated in Black Soil.

GUAVA

  • Scientific Name:- Seedium guvajava
  • Family:- Myrtaceae
  • Origin:- America
  • It is also known as “Poor Man’s Apple”.
  • India holds 1st position in Guava production.
  • Guava was introduced in India by Spanish people in 16th
  • In India, Maharashtra tops in production followed by Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh . [2011-12].
  • Main Varieties:- Allahabadi Safeda, Lucknow-49(Sardar)
  • Seedless Varieties:- Saharanpur, Nagpur, Behat Coconut
  • Latest Variety :- Lalit
  • In Northern India, Guava flowers 3 times a year.

Posted in IBPS SO (AFO) STUDY MATERIALS- Professional Knowledge, Uncategorized Tagged with: , , , ,
  • pooja

    plz dnt make spelling mistakes

    • TEAMKRISHIGYAN

      Dear Puja,
      Wherever you find spelling mistake you can show that to us. We will be pleased to rectify them.
      Thanks

  • sir/mam thanks for d materials…
    pls post few more materials for preparation….

  • satendra kumar

    Sir please tell me about how to attend english portion.

    • TEAMKRISHIGYAN

      Hi Satendra,
      You can get guidance on how to tackle English section in IBPS SO Exam or any other exam. Just visit the “Trend Analysis” page under IBPS SO section of our website.
      Thanks

  • crazypul

    thank you so much for this material…..would be grateful if u could provide more material 🙂

  • sir plz send me a current affair of2015-2016

  • Sir plz send me a syllabus of agriculture field officer