VEGETABLE CAPSULE- 1

VEGETABLE PRODUCTION

OLERICULTURE:- Study of vegetable science.
• Country with Maximum Production:- CHINA
• Country with Maximum Area under Production:- INDIA

• For balanced diet, a person should consume 300gm of vegetables [115gm leaved vegetables, 70gm root vegetables and 115gm others]
• Availability of vegetables in India [2012]:- 350gm/Person/Day
• In year 2011-12, India produced 156 Mn Metric Ton of vegetables in 7.9 Mn Hectare Area.
• At present, the vegetable productivity of India is 16.7 Mn Ton/Hectare.
• India is the 2nd largest producer of vegetables after China.
• India uses 2.8% of its agricultural land in vegetable production. It produces 13.38% of World’s total vegetable.
• India holds 1st position in production of Okra, Peas; 2nd in production of Brinjal, Potato, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Onion; and 3rd in production of Tomato.
• Both in production and cultivated area West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar hold 1st, 2nd and 3rd position respectively in India.
Tamil Nadu has the highest productivity for vegetables in India.
• In vegetables, carbohydrate is present in the form of starch and sugar mostly found in Beetroot, Potato, Peas and Carrot.
• Green leaves of Gram, Green Peas, Cauliflower, Lobia, and Bathua contains protein in adequate amount.
Acid present in Vegetables:-
a) Citric Acid:- Tomato, Leaf Vegetales, Legumes, Potatoes
b) Malic Acid:- Carrot, Onion

MAXIMUM NUTRITION VALUE IN VARIOUS VEGETABLES:-

A) VITAMIN A (RETINOL):-
1) Beet Root:- 9770 I.Q./100 gm
2) Spinach Leaves:- 9300 I.Q./100gm
3) Colocesiiya Leaves:- 10278 mg/100gm
4) Corriander Leaves:- 6917mg/100gm
5) Menthi Leaves:- 6450 I.Q./100gm

B) VITAMIN B1 (Thymin):-
1) Chillies:- 0.55mg/100gm
2) Colocesia leaves:- 0.22mg/100gm
3) Tomato:- 0.12mg/100gm

C) VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin):-
1) Menthi Leaves:- 0.31mg/100gm
2) Amaranthus:- 0.30mg/100gm

D) VITAMIN C (Ascorbic Acid):-
1) Drumstick Leaves :- 200mg/100gm
2) Coriander Leaves:- 135mg/100gm
3) Chilies:- 111mg/100gm
4) Tomato:- 31mg/100gm

E) CARBOHYDRATE:-
1) Tepioca :- 38.1%
2) Beet Root:- 28.2%
3) Potato:- 22.7%
4) Curry Leaves:- 18.6%

F) Proteins:-
1) Green leaves of gram:- 8.2gm/100gm
2) Peas:- 7.2gm/100gm
3) Lobia:- 4.3gm/100gm
4) Indian Sem :- 3.8gm/100gm
G) Calcium:-
1) Curry Leaves:- 813mg/100gm
2) Amaranthus:- 395mg/100gm
3) Fenugreek Leaves:- 395mg/100gm
4) Raddish Leaves:- 295mg/100gm
H) Iron:-
1) Soft Amaranthus:- 25.5 mg/100gm
2) Coriander Leaves:- 18.5mg/100gm

CLASSIFICATION OF VEGETABLES

A) BASED ON USE:-
1) Root:- Carrot, Radish, Beetroot
2) Stem:- Potato, Cabbage
3)  Tuber:-Onion, Garlic
4) Undeveloped Flower:- Cauli-flower, Brocolli
5) Fruit:-Tomato, Chili, Brinjal, Okra. Wtermelon. Cucumber, Pumpkin, Bottle-Guard etc.
6) Seed:- Sem, Lobia

B) ACCORDING TO LIFE CYCLE:-
1) Annually:- Okra, Tomato, Lobia
2) Bi-annually:- Radish, Carrot, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Onion etc.
3) Multi-annually:- Pointed Gourd (Parwal), Garlic, Turmeric, Sugar-Root
C) ACCORDING TO FAMILIES:-
1) Amaryllidaceae:- Onion, Garlic
2) Crucifereae:- Cauliflower, Cabbage, Radish, Mustard, Turnip
3) Ambelliferae:- Carrot, Coriander
4) Leguminoseae:- Peas, Sem, Fenugreek, Soybean, Rajma
5) Malvaceae:- Okra
6) Solanaceae:- Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli
To be continued in Vegetable Capsule 2……

Posted in IBPS SO (AFO) STUDY MATERIALS- Professional Knowledge Tagged with: , , , ,
  • thanks a lot..

  • sandeep

    Thnx..

  • Shreeshail

    Thanks

  • mounika

    thankyou

  • Santosh Madhukar Thakre

    thanks a lot

  • Plz sir send me a current affair of 2015-16

  • Tashif Ansari

    thanku so much

  • ÑïķhÏŁ

    Pdf milegi kya

  • Ankit Srivastava

    bhai capsule 2 vegetables kab post karoge….